Gynecologic oncology

Gynecologic oncology

Gynecologic oncology is a specialized field of medicine focused on cancers of the female reproductive system- ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer. Gynecologic oncologists have extensive training in the diagnosis and treatment of these cancers.

Gynaecological cancers contribute to a substantial portion of the global cancer burden.Owing to increasing sophistication and challenges in their management, a new sub-speciality of Gynaecologic Oncology, dedicated to these women’s comprehensive care, has emerged in recent times. The emergence and evolution of this sub-speciality will facilitate a holistic approach to treating women suffering from gynaecological cancers, including tailored surgical techniques, fertility preservation, precision medicine, hormone modulators, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, which can be achieved within the framework of multidisciplinary management.

Gynaecological cancers risk factors
  • HPV infection
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Old age
  • Family history
  • Previous incidence of having a gynaecological cancer
  • Prior radiation therapy in the pelvic area
  • Oestrogen therapy
  • Smoking
Ovarian cancer

It happens as a result of the growth of abnormal cells within the ovaries. This cancer does not show any noticeable symptoms in the early stages. However, some signs that may appear are:

  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal bloating/swelling and a feeling of being full
  • Discomfort in the pelvic region
  • Fatigue
  • A frequent need to urinate
  • Changes in bowel habits
  • Changes in menstrual pattern
Uterine Cancer

Also known as endometrial cancer, it begins in the layers of the uterus known as the endometrium. Since this cancer shows early signs like abnormal vaginal bleeding, it is often easier to detect.Common signs include:

  • Irregular/heavy bleeding per vaginum
  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause
  • Pelvic discomfort or pain
Cervical Cancer

This type of cancer originates in the cells of the cervix. It is understood that various strains of HPV (human papillomavirus) is one of the main causes of cervical cancer.The early stages of this cancer may produce no noticeable signs. However, some common symptoms are:

  • Vaginal bleeding between periods/ after menopause
  • Vaginal bleeding after intercourse
  • Pelvic pain or discomfort
  • Foul odour vaginal discharge
Vulval Cancer

Vulval cancer occurs in the vulva which is the outer skin that surrounds the urethra and vagina. It can be felt as a lump or sore on the vulva and may often cause excessive itching. This cancer is more common in older women.

  • Uncontrolled itching
  • Pain and tenderness in parts of the vulva
  • Bleeding from the skin
  • Other skin changes -black or white discolouration
At PSG we are equipped with an
  • Expert Team:
    Our teams of highly trained doctors ensure the best-in-class cancer care.
  • Cutting-Edge Technology:
    State-of-the-art facilities matching international standards.
  • Global Recognition:
    Accredited by national and international bodies, upholding the highest healthcare benchmarks.
  • Patient-Centric Approach:
    We go beyond treatment, providing compassionate care tailored to your needs.
  • Safety Assurance:
    Infection control practices following international standards.
  • Innovative treatment options:
    Gynecologic oncology offers expertise in complex laparoscopic and robotic approaches, fertility-sparing surgery, and risk reduction procedures for inherited cancer syndromes:

    Complex cytoreductive surgeries for cancer ovary,Radical hysterectomy for cancer cervix and radical vulvectomy for cancer vulva

  • Robotic surgery:
    This is an effective minimally invasive technique that has been shown to result in shorter hospital stays, less discomfort and a shorter recovery period.Robotic surgery allows surgeons to operate with increased precision and accuracy while minimizing trauma to surrounding tissues.This has made cancer day care surgeriers available for our patients reducing the morbidity our open surgery has in selected cancer group of patients.
  • HIPEC:
    Hyperthermic (or Heated) Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy is a surgical procedure that’s giving new hope to patients with abdominal cancers. Immediately after removing visible tumors through what’s called cytoreductive surgery,we pump a powerful dose of heated chemotherapy inside a patient’s abdomen. This technique involves the direct delivery of chemotherapy into the abdomen for treatment of ovarian cancer
  • Colposcopy and HPV vaccination:
    All our walk in pateints are offered councelling regarding HPV prevention with screening and vaccination
  • Genetic counseling:
    If you have a hereditary disease, such as cancer, you may want to talk with a genetic counselor to better understand your risks and risk management options. If you have received a cancer diagnosis, you may have questions about the risk of other cancers occurring in your body and the risk of cancer developing in your family members. A genetic counseling session focuses on prevention of risk factors. It includes a complete family medical history evaluation, genetic testing (if applicable) and follow-up recommendations.
  • Coordination of care:
    Gynecologic oncologists work closely with doctors in hematology/medical oncology and radiation oncology. We discuss each person’s treatment, new developments and research aspects of gynecologic oncology. All patients are discussed in our Multidisciplinary tumour board which is a team of Onco-pathologists,Radiologists,Medical oncologist,Radiation oncologist,palliative care specialist,apart from our surgical oncologist.
    Our team will also work closely with your local doctor to provide a personalized treatment plan that meets your needs.
  • Research and Publications:
    We at PSG are constantly upgraded- conduct CME,involved in cancer research trials and publications.We strive to work for the best in terms of keeping with the pace and offer high class cancer treatment with affordable costs to all our patients.

    Making cancer treatment available for all- “close the care gap”, is our motto to prioritise cancer, develop innovative strategies and that’s how we can begin to imagine a better way of doing things and to build a fairer vision of the future—a future where people live healthier lives and have better access to health and cancer services, no matter where they are born, grow, age, work or live.

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