What is Robotic Surgery? Conditions Where Robotic Surgery Can Be Used

April 12, 2023
Robotic surgery is the most advanced type of minimally invasive surgery performed with the assistance of precise Robotic equipments. When we talk about surgery there are basically two types of surgery, one is the traditional open surgery, where the surgeon creates and access to the area to be operated through a large cut in the skin and muscles of the body, followed by the closure of the operated site with sutures. In the traditional the minimally invasive techniques, surgeon enters the abdomen or chest through small cuts of few millimetres through the body and uses a laparoscope, which is a thin scope  with a lighted camera to visualize the organ. Long but only 5- 10 mm thick  instruments are used to perform the surgical steps. However, due to limitations in the movement and ability of these instruments, laparoscopic surgery is not able to achieve the highest levels of precision in difficult and critical surgeries. gain access to the operative site through smaller incisions. Robotic surgery is a type of minimally invasive procedure. In the robotic surgery,  the surgeons operate on the patient and perform the procedures by controlling the  robotic arms. The Robotic surgical system has a patient cart which has the robotic arms which are moved to perform the surgery, a vision cart for visualization of the surgery and a surgeon console in which the surgeon sits and performs the surgery by moving the robotic arms to which the robotic surgical are attached and inserted into patients body through 8 mm incisions.  The console gives the surgeon a magnified, precise and a high-definition 3D view of the operating site. It is like playing a video game with joysticks & foot control. The advantages of Robotic surgical equipments comes from the 7 degrees of range of movement which is more than that of the human hand or laparoscopic equipments. Tremor filtration and scaling of movements ensure accuracy when performing critical procedures with unmatched precision.

What are the conditions where the Robotic Surgery can be used ?

 Robotic surgeries are excellent for various complex procedures due to the high amount of precision, 3 D vision with 8 times magnification revealing the finest details not seen by human eyes,  dexterity of the instruments and access to difficult locations. There are many areas that have had success with robotic surgery. In general , any Robotic surgery offers the following advantages to the patient:
  • Smaller incisions of 8 mm for each robotic instrument
  • Precise tissue cutting
  • Least damage to the surrounding structures
  • Minimal blood loss
  • Less pain
  • Early recovery, early discharge and return to work
  • Avoiding the damage to the nerves, blood vessels, ureters and other critical structures, ensuring radical surgeries with better functional outcomes
  • Better prognosis due to excellent precision and better quality of surgery and nodal clearance in cancer surgeries

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